Announce: OpenSSH 8.1 released
djm at openbsd.org
Wed Oct 9 13:41:55 AEDT 2019
OpenSSH 8.1 has just been released. It will be available from the
mirrors listed at http://www.openssh.com/ shortly.
OpenSSH is a 100% complete SSH protocol 2.0 implementation and
includes sftp client and server support.
Once again, we would like to thank the OpenSSH community for their
continued support of the project, especially those who contributed
code or patches, reported bugs, tested snapshots or donated to the
project. More information on donations may be found at:
* ssh(1), sshd(8), ssh-add(1), ssh-keygen(1): an exploitable integer
overflow bug was found in the private key parsing code for the XMSS
key type. This key type is still experimental and support for it is
not compiled by default. No user-facing autoconf option exists in
portable OpenSSH to enable it. This bug was found by Adam Zabrocki
and reported via SecuriTeam's SSD program.
* ssh(1), sshd(8), ssh-agent(1): add protection for private keys at
rest in RAM against speculation and memory side-channel attacks like
Spectre, Meltdown and Rambleed. This release encrypts private keys
when they are not in use with a symmetric key that is derived from a
relatively large "prekey" consisting of random data (currently 16KB).
This release includes a number of changes that may affect existing
* ssh-keygen(1): when acting as a CA and signing certificates with
an RSA key, default to using the rsa-sha2-512 signature algorithm.
Certificates signed by RSA keys will therefore be incompatible
with OpenSSH versions prior to 7.2 unless the default is
overridden (using "ssh-keygen -t ssh-rsa -s ...").
Changes since OpenSSH 8.0
This release is focused on bug-fixing.
* ssh(1): Allow %n to be expanded in ProxyCommand strings
* ssh(1), sshd(8): Allow prepending a list of algorithms to the
default set by starting the list with the '^' character, E.g.
* ssh-keygen(1): add an experimental lightweight signature and
verification ability. Signatures may be made using regular ssh keys
held on disk or stored in a ssh-agent and verified against an
authorized_keys-like list of allowed keys. Signatures embed a
namespace that prevents confusion and attacks between different
usage domains (e.g. files vs email).
* ssh-keygen(1): print key comment when extracting public key from a
private key. bz#3052
* ssh-keygen(1): accept the verbose flag when searching for host keys
in known hosts (i.e. "ssh-keygen -vF host") to print the matching
host's random-art signature too. bz#3003
* All: support PKCS8 as an optional format for storage of private
keys to disk. The OpenSSH native key format remains the default,
but PKCS8 is a superior format to PEM if interoperability with
non-OpenSSH software is required, as it may use a less insecure
key derivation function than PEM's.
* ssh(1): if a PKCS#11 token returns no keys then try to login and
refetch them. Based on patch from Jakub Jelen; bz#2430
* ssh(1): produce a useful error message if the user's shell is set
incorrectly during "match exec" processing. bz#2791
* sftp(1): allow the maximum uint32 value for the argument passed
to -b which allows better error messages from later validation.
* ssh(1): avoid pledge sandbox violations in some combinations of
remote forwarding, connection multiplexing and ControlMaster.
* ssh-keyscan(1): include SHA2-variant RSA key algorithms in KEX
proposal; allows ssh-keyscan to harvest keys from servers that
disable old SHA1 ssh-rsa. bz#3029
* sftp(1): print explicit "not modified" message if a file was
requested for resumed download but was considered already complete.
* sftp(1): fix a typo and make <esc><right> move right to the
closest end of a word just like <esc><left> moves left to the
closest beginning of a word.
* sshd(8): cap the number of permitopen/permitlisten directives
allowed to appear on a single authorized_keys line.
* All: fix a number of memory leaks (one-off or on exit paths).
* Regression tests: a number of fixes and improvements, including
fixes to the interop tests, adding the ability to run most tests
on builds that disable OpenSSL support, better support for running
tests under Valgrind and a number of bug-fixes.
* ssh(1), sshd(8): check for convtime() refusing to accept times that
resolve to LONG_MAX Reported by Kirk Wolf bz2977
* ssh(1): slightly more instructive error message when the user
specifies multiple -J options on the command-line. bz3015
* ssh-agent(1): process agent requests for RSA certificate private
keys using correct signature algorithm when requested. bz3016
* sftp(1): check for user at host when parsing sftp target. This
allows firstname.lastname@example.org to work without a path. bz#2999
* sshd(8): enlarge format buffer size for certificate serial
number so the log message can record any 64-bit integer without
* sshd(8): for PermitOpen violations add the remote host and port to
be able to more easily ascertain the source of the request. Add the
same logging for PermitListen violations which where not previously
logged at all.
* scp(1), sftp(1): use the correct POSIX format style for left
justification for the transfer progress meter. bz#3002
* sshd(8) when examining a configuration using sshd -T, assume any
attribute not provided by -C does not match, which allows it to work
when sshd_config contains a Match directive with or without -C.
* ssh(1), ssh-keygen(1): downgrade PKCS#11 "provider returned no
slots" warning from log level error to debug. This is common when
attempting to enumerate keys on smartcard readers with no cards
plugged in. bz#3058
* ssh(1), ssh-keygen(1): do not unconditionally log in to PKCS#11
tokens. Avoids spurious PIN prompts for keys not selected for
authentication in ssh(1) and when listing public keys available in
a token using ssh-keygen(1). bz#3006
* ssh(1): fix SIGWINCH delivery of Solaris for multiplexed sessions
* ssh(1), sshd(8): fix typo that prevented detection of Linux VRF
* sshd(8): add no-op implementation of pam_putenv to avoid build
breakage on platforms where the PAM implementation lacks this
function (e.g. HP-UX). bz#3008
* sftp-server(8): fix Solaris privilege sandbox from preventing
the legacy sftp rename operation from working (was refusing to
allow hard links to files owned by other users). bz#3036
* All: add a proc_pidinfo()-based closefrom() for OS X to avoid
the need to brute-force close all high-numbered file descriptors.
* sshd(8): in the Linux seccomp-bpf sandbox, allow mprotect(2) with
PROT_(READ|WRITE|NONE) only. This syscall is used by some hardened
heap allocators. Github PR#142
* sshd(8): in the Linux seccomp-bpf sandbox, allow the s390-specific
ioctl for ECC hardware support.
* All: use "doc" man page format if the mandoc(1) tool is present on
the system. Previously configure would not select the "doc" man
page format if mandoc was present but nroff was not.
* sshd(8): don't install duplicate STREAMS modules on Solaris; check
if STREAMS modules are already installed on a pty before installing
since when compiling with XPG>=4 they will likely be installed
already. Prevents hangs and duplicate lines on the terminal.
bz#2945 and bz#2998,
- SHA1 (openssh-8.1.tar.gz) = bf7b0c65a7c0afa5ba9c787f345b8a24fa459add
- SHA256 (openssh-8.1.tar.gz) = vamkKxZTFfgxQXSxGeJ1vbuot0H3Vx9bNBgrvChSrFg=
- SHA1 (openssh-8.1p1.tar.gz) = c44b96094869f177735ae053d92bd5fcab1319de
- SHA256 (openssh-8.1p1.tar.gz) = AvXb7zg10HU1VvlzzVe0wZtrH2zSTANEXiOsd8obk/8=
Please note that the SHA256 signatures are base64 encoded and not
hexadecimal (which is the default for most checksum tools). The PGP
key used to sign the releases is available as RELEASE_KEY.asc from
the mirror sites.
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